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Plants

RoślinyIn the area of ​​Narew National Park exists 11 water plant communities (macrophytes) and 56 terrestrial plant communities, including wetlands and marshes. Rushes, reeds, sedges, wet meadows and willow patches dominate the open areas.

Forest areas are few, mostly of alder or of planted pines. In the mineral hills develop semi natural dry grasslands and hornbeam communities.

The Narew valley is characterized by the so-called ecological zoning, consisting in the variability of plant communities from the river towards the edge of the valley.

Aquatic ecosystems are characterized by a high diversity of plant (macrophytes) species . The richest habitats are the oxbow lakes, sometimes during the year they can be cut or connected to the mainstream, there it’s possible to find communities of water lilies, frogbits or water soldiers.

The banks or the areas between the channels are overgrown with reeds. It is a poor high flower community mainly dominated by the common reed. It is also possible to find there bulrushes, lesser bulrushes, sweet grass reeds, canary grass reeds, sweet flags and yellow iris. The neighbour areas of the reed communities or directly adjacent to the river bed are covered with sedge communities. The most typical are the acute and tufted sedge which create a distinct tussocks structure.

An important element of the landscape of the Park are willow thickets which occur in small patches on the banks of the river channels, among the rushes and on the reed swamp meadows.

Very typical of the Narew Valley are the wet meadows, where different species of grasses and herbaceous plants grow, such as the cuckoo flowers, ragged robins, meadow buttercups, purple loosestrifes forming wonderful colourful carpets when flowering.

The meadows are mowed twice a year. On the outskirts of the valley grow marshy forests, with their typical structure clusters of alder grove representing the Narew National Park forests. Here you can clearly distinguish the elevation above the ground – between the tussocks and the depressions among them, often flooded with water.

On the Narew National Park area, mineral elevations are present and covered with deciduous forests (linden - oak - hornbeam) and with semi natural dry grasslands. The Flora of the Park is represented by more than 660 vascular plants species from 89 families. The most numerous are the flowering plants represented by 72 species and grasses by 68 species.

The Park provides habitat to many protected species:

  • included in the Polish Red Book of Plants which are: Succisella inflexa (Kluk) Beck, Viola epipsila Ledeb. and Carex chordorrhiza L.,
  • strictly protected species: Lycopodium annotinum L., Lycopodium clavatum L., Aquilegia vulgaris L., Batrachium aquatile L., Batrachium trichophyllum Chaix, Nasturtium officinale R. Br., Drosera rotundifolia L., Viola epipsila Ledeb., Centaurium erythraea Rafn, Melittis melissophyllum L., Pedicularis palustris L., Utricularia vulgaris L., Succisella inflexa (Kluk) Beck, Gladiolus imbricatus L., Iris sibirica L., Carex chordorrhiza L., Dactylorhiza incarnata L., Dactylorhiza maculata L., Dactylorhiza majalis Rchb., Dianthus superbus L., Gentiana pneumonanthe L., Polemonium caeruleum HORT and
  • partially protected species: Nuphar lutea L., Nymphaea alba L., Ribes nigrum L., Frangula alnus Mill., Primula veris L., Menyanthes trifoliata L., Viburnum opulus L., Helichrysum arenarium (L.) Moench, Convallaria majalis L. and the Asarum europaeum L.

 

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